The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus. When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
Cigarette smoking causes or aggrevates numerous health problems , one of them being periodontal disease.
Perhaps you've read "It's more than just a cleaning" when you get a dental prophy. Research has shown the parallel of the chronic inflamation of periodontal disease and systemic medical problems. Diabetes, atherosclerosis, heart disease, stroke and even low birth weight are among them. (Low birth weight is not meerly a smaller baby but rather incompletely formed organs.The long standing low grade infection of periodontal disease activeates a series of changes in the blood and immune system that perpetuates these medical disorders.
Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease: